I'm currently an Associate Professor of Sociology and the director of the Stanford Ethnography Lab. I received my Ph.D. in Sociology from UCLA (2012), my M.A. in Sociology from UCLA (2008), my M.S. in Justice, Law & Society from American University (2006), and my B.A. in Politics from the University of California, Santa Cruz (2004).
As an urban ethnographer, I use fieldwork, archival, and other qualitative methods to investigate the causes, contours, and consequences of urban poverty. In the spirit of the Chicago School of Sociology, I pay close attention to the ways that individuals and communities make sense of their social worlds. This agenda has led to number of original research projects, community organizing efforts, and intervention programs. I make efforts to embrace the ideals of public sociology, which enlists community members as valuable co-producers of knowledge.
My research has been published in Social Problems, Urban Studies, Law and Society Review, Law and Social Inquiry, Theoretical Criminology, Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Souls, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, and a number of other venues. I have also written long form articles on my research for Mother Jones, Wired, Chicago Magazine, and other popular press outlets.
My first book, Down, Out, and Under Arrest: Policing and Everyday Life in Skid Row (University of Chicago Press), is an in-depth ethnography of Los Angeles’ Skid Row district—an area long regarded as the “homeless capital of America.” Over the last decade, Skid Row became distinguished as the site of one of the most aggressive “zero tolerance” campaigns to date, characterized by arguably the largest concentration of standing police forces found anywhere in the United States. Examining the interactions between police officers and the neighborhood's impoverished and homeless inhabitants, the book considers how this new configuration of social control and social welfare is re-constituting poverty, crime, and space, as well as the relationship existing between the police and the policed. Down, Out, and Under Arrest received the American Sociological Association's Robert E. Park Award for Best Book in Community and Urban Sociology, as well as the Gordon J. Lang Award from the University of Chicago press.
My second book, Ballad of the Bullet: Gangs, Drill Music, and the Power of Online Infamy (Princeton University Press, 2020) draws on two years of ethnographic fieldwork to examine how digital social media transform the social organization of gangs, gang violence, urban culture, and poor urban neighborhoods more generally. On a broader level, this research sheds much-needed light on the manifestations and meanings of urban inequality in the digital age.